The leopard cat is a small wild cat native to continental Asia. About the size of a large domestic cat, this beauty can develop a speed up to 45 miles per hour! Unlike the bay cat, which is considered as highly endangered, our leopard cat is listed as least concern on the Red List but still threatened by its habitat loss.

Where can we find the leopard cat?

This beauty is the most widely distributed Asian small wild cat. Its range extends from the Amur region in the Russian Far East over the Korean Peninsula, China, Indochina, the Indian Subcontinent to northern Pakistan. That’s a lot of places to find this cat, don’t you agree? Moreover, shrubland, grassland, coniferous forest, as well as a tropical and temperate forest, are the favorite habitats.

leopard cat

How does the leopard cat look?

As we mentioned at the beginning, our beauty is the size of a domestic cat. Yet slender, with longer legs and well-defined webs between its toes. Further, a small head, round eyes, and short muzzle make this cat adorable. Similar to the margay, the leopard cat also has rosettes all over its body. The fur color is yellowish-brown in the southern populations, but pale silver-grey in the northern ones. The length varies from 15,3 to 26 inches, while the weight goes between 1,2 and 8,4 pounds.

leopard cat

Diet and hunting.

Naturally, this carnivore feeds on meat. The diet will include a variety of small prey including mammals, lizards, amphibians, birds, and insects. Yet, in most parts of its range, rats and mice are the major part of its diet, also supplemented with grass, eggs, poultry, and aquatic prey. Being a very opportunistic hunter, our predator will catch the prey with a rapid pounce and bite.


The breeding season of these cats depends on climate. Thus, in tropical habitats, kittens are born throughout the year, while in colder habitats females give birth in spring. Naturally, these cats are polygynous, so males will mate with several females. The gestation period lasts between 65 and 70 days, after which the mother gives birth to one to four kittens.

Did you know the leopard cat is the first one domesticated among all cats?

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