Hummingbird is a bird native to Americas. But how did she got that name? Well, because of the humming sound created by its wings, which flap at high frequencies audible to us, humans. They hover in mid-air at rapid wing-flapping rates, which vary from around 12 beats per second in the largest species, to over of even 80 in some of the smallest. They can measure from 7,5 cm to 13 cm, while weighing from 18 to 24 grams.
Diet and habitat.
Hummingbird lives in woodland areas, but also frequent gardens where flowering plants are plentiful. They feed on flowers, nectar, and sap. During this floral feeding process, the birds pollinate many plants. These tiny creatures are omnivores, sometimes feeding on insects and spiders. An adult hummingbird may eat twice its body weight in food each day, which it burns up with the high metabolism necessary to sustain its rapid wing beat and energetic movements.
This gorgeous bird breeds in Eastern North America and is the only hummingbird species to do so. Males establish a territory and court females who enter it with flying and diving behaviors, and by showing off their red throat plumage. Females provide all care for their young. They lay one to three eggs, incubate them for about two weeks, and, after hatching, feed their young for about three weeks. A female may have several broods in a year. These birds are largely solitary outside of the breeding season.
Like some birds, this one winter in Mexico and Central America. To get there from their North American breeding grounds some birds embark on a marathon, nonstop flight across the Gulf of Mexico. Interesting facts is that they may double their weight in preparation for this grueling journey! Well, they have to prepare themselves for trip that long, don’t they?
The highest metabolism of all animals.
Despite insects, hummingbirds in flight have the highest metabolism of all animals! Their heart rate can reach as high as 1,260 beats per minute, along with a breading rate of even 250 breaths per minute, and this includes while they rest!
This amazing bird is attracted to colors, especially to red color. Since its the color of love, you can’t be surprised why it’s their favorite, right?
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