Fennec fox is a small crepuscular fox native to the Sahara desert. Heck, not just a small, it is the smallest fox in the world! Although we sure can’t say the same for this beauty’s unusually large ears! Yet, this most distinctive feature besides its odd appearance has one more purpose: regulating the fox’s temperature.

fennec fox

Where can we find the fennec fox?

Found in the Sahara desert and other semi-arid parts of North Africa, our beauty thrives greatly in hot areas, just like its neighbor, the deathstalker. More precisely, its range goes from Morocco to Egypt, south to Sudan and north Niger, east to Kuwait, and the Sinai Peninsula. Finally, our big-eared friend inhabits small sand dunes and treeless sand areas such as grasses, sedges, and small shrubs.

fennec fox

How does the fennec fox look?

Well, we can all agree this fox looks adorable, right? But, let’s start with the real description. Along with its enormous ears, our fox has a small and black nose. The fur is thick, serving it great in both winter and summer, keeping our fox warm, but also protecting it from heat, depending on the weather. Colored in light beige with a white underbelly, the fox is well-camouflaged. Being the smallest canid, it grows from 13,6 to 15,6 inches in length and weighs up to 4,2 pounds.


As an omnivore, the fennec fox eats a variety of foods. Yet, mostly it will feed on leaves, roots, and fruits. However, rodents, eggs, insects, and small reptiles are also included in the diet. Our fox hunts alone, and digs in the sand for small vertebrates and insects. Yet, some of them will even bury prey for later! But, did you know this omnivore can survive a long period without water?


Like the margays, fennec foxes are monogamous, staying with one mate for a lifetime. The breeding season occurs from January to February, and the female gives birth just one a year. The gestation period is about 50 days, and a litter of 2 to 4 kits is produced between March and April. When ready, kittens will go by their mother’s side, learning to hunt and live alone. After 10 months, they will do so.

Although nocturnal, the fennec fox enjoys lying on the sun. What a great way to relax, right?

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