Chimpanzees are great apes, just like their close relative, the gorilla. But, these primates are closest relatives to us, humans, along with bonobos. In fact, did you know the chimps share even 98,7 percent of our genetic blueprint? Moreover, it is also believed that we and the chimps share a common ancestor who lived almost 13 million years ago!
How do chimpanzees look?
Although these apes are covered in black hair, their faces, fingers, toes, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet are bare. The most distinct feature is their long arms, which reach below the knees. The hands have long fingers with short thumbs and flat fingernails. Moreover, adaptable feet are excellent for grasping, while the big toes are opposable. Adult chimps stand 4,1 feet in height and weigh between 60 and 154 pounds.
Where do chimpanzees live?
Native to the forest and savanna of tropical Africa, these animals have the widest range of any great ape. Besides the tropical rainforests, they can also be found in woodlands and grasslands. Chimps love to sleep in trees, which offers the most stable place for this activity, but they also build nests here.
Along with sleeping and nesting, our friends also love to eat in trees. Though they prefer fruits and plants, their varied diet also includes insects, eggs, nuts, and hundreds of other things. But, since they love meat as well, they have been known to even kill and eat other monkeys! And, the list goes on, adding even small antelopes on it, turtles, and bush babies.
These animals breed throughout the whole year, of course, when they reach sexual maturity. Females mature at the age of 13, while males later, at 15. Chimpanzees are very promiscuous. When ready, females mate with several males, and even go to neighboring community to mate with their males! And, after a gestation of 8 months, the young is born. The infant will cling on the mother’s fur and later ride on her back, until the time of separation between ages three and five.
Did you know chimpanzees laugh when they play?
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