Bald eagle is an extraordinary bird of prey. Easily recognized by its white head, brown body and yellow beak, along with powerful legs. Naturally, it’s perfectly fair that this bird is a national emblem of the United States since 1782. This bird is one of the largest raptors in the world!

bald eagle

Size and appearance.

Unlike the snowy owl’s white plumage, the bald eagle has a dark brown. Moreover, the beak, feet and irises are bright yellow. Eagle’s legs are feather-free, and the toes are short and powerful with large talons. The talon of the hind toe is used to pierce the vital areas of prey while it is held immobile by the front toes. The length of eagle can go from 28 to 40 inches, while it weighs between 6,6 and 13,9 pounds. The impressive wingspan can reach up to 7 feet.

bald eagle

Where can we find the bald eagle?

This bird can be found during its breeding season in any kind of American wetland habitat such as seacoasts, rivers, large lakes or marshes. Moreover, the eagle also requires old-growth and mature stands of hardwood trees for perching, roosting, and nesting. Never the less, our beautiful friend needs to be constantly around the water.

Feeding and hunting.

When it comes to this eagle’s hunting, you really don’t want to be its target. Did you know this amazing predator can reach the speed of up to 100 mph while diving? And, while flying, this speed is decreasing to 40 mph. Thus, it’s still very fast! So, the diet includes fish, ducks, snakes and turtles. Of course, just like the vulture, this bird also feeds on carcasses as well.  

Reproduction.

After 4 or 5 years, when they reach sexual maturity, eagles will choose a mating partner for a lifetime. Both of the parents build nest in huge trees, which are close to water. They build an enormous nest out of sticks. The nest can weigh up to 2000 pounds! Mother lays up to three eggs, yet it’s not likely for all of them to survive. Parents share the incubation, while the other one provides food. After a month the baby eagles come to this world completely gray.

Did you know this eagle can reach high up to 10,000 feet?

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